GnRH Agonist-Induced Ovarian Suppression and Ovarian Steroids in PMDD and Controls
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In this study, lymphoblastoid cell line cultures (LCLs) from women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) and asymptomatic controls were compared via whole-transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) during untreated (ovarian steroid-free) conditions and after estradiol and progesterone treatment. In untreated LCLs, pathway analysis of the LCL transcriptome revealed, among others, over-expression of ESC/E(Z) complex genes (an ovarian steroid-regulated gene silencing complex) with significant overexpression of MTF2, PHF19, and SIRT1 (P<0.05) in cells from women with PMDD compared with controls. Finally, mRNA expression of several ESC/E(Z) complex genes were increased by progesterone in controls only, and decreased by estradiol in PMDD LCLs.