National Eye Institute (NEI) Genetic Epidemiology of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in the Old Order Amish
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Identifying genetic risk loci for Age-Related Macular Degeneration is important. Most of the loci identified to date have been found through the interrogation of common variants. This study initiates the identification of rare variants in a founder population, the Amish, and will use genotyping of known risk loci and ultimately use the whole exome chip to assess the association of Age-related Macular Degeneration with coding variants. We will further refine the Age-Related Macular Degeneration phenotype through the use of modern imaging, the OCT, to visualize the early anatomic signs of Age-Related Macular Degeneration. We hypothesize there are endophenotypes associated with specific genotypes that can be used to determine Age-related Macular Degeneration progression. These endophenotypes are hypothesized to be influenced by a combination of common and rare variants. We will relate these endophenotypes to genotypes to define the role of genetics in the progression of Age-Related Macular Degeneration and a new risk profile incorporating genotypic information.
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