Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) Clinical Trial
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The Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) clinical trial was a randomized, multicenter, double 2 x 2 factorial design study involving 10,251 middle-aged and older participants with type-2 diabetes who are at high risk for CVD events because of existing CVD or additional risk factors. The purpose of ACCORD was to determine if intensive glycemic control, intensive lipid management and intensive blood pressure control could prevent major cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, stroke or cardiovascular death) in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Secondary hypotheses included treatment differences in other cardiovascular outcomes, total mortality, microvascular outcomes, health-related quality of life and cost-effectiveness.
The ACCORD trial failed to show a beneficial effect of intensive blood pressure or lipid therapy on the primary outcome, and intensive glycemia management actually increased mortality. The hypothesis underlying this ancillary study is that the failure of ACCORD to achieve its goal of reducing cardiovascular risk in diabetic ... (Show More)