Integrative Analysis of Tumor Biopsies on Sequential CTLA-4 and PD-1 Blockade Reveals Markers of Response and Resistance
|Study ID||Alternative Stable ID||Type|
Blockade of T cell coinhibitory molecules such as CTLA-4 and PD-1, can activate T cell antitumor response. Although these immune checkpoint blockades (CTLA-4 blockade and PD-1 blockade) have shown durable response, response rate is modest. Therefore, there is a need to find stable biomarkers predictive of response to immune checkpoint blockades and to understand underlying resistance mechanisms. We collected longitudinal tumor biopsies from a cohort of metastatic melanoma patients treated with sequential immune checkpoint blockades and performed whole exome sequencing of this cohort. The comprehensive genomic characterization of tumors enabled identification of higher copy number loss burden as a resistance mechanism and clonal T cell repertoire as a predictive biomarker.