Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome: A Longitudinal Clinical Study of Patients Receiving Cholesterol Supplementation
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Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is a disorder of cholesterol production by the body. It is caused by changes in the DHCR7 gene, which is the blueprint for an enzyme called 7-dehydrocholesterol- delta7-reductase. This enzyme is necessary for the production of cholesterol by all cells in the body. People with SLOS often have malformations of major organs, slow growth, feeding difficulties and intellectual disability or learning problems.
Because patients with SLOS cannot make enough cholesterol, it has been proposed that cholesterol supplementation (either with egg yolk or liquid suspensions of cholesterol) could help improve the symptoms of the disease. However, despite the widespread use of cholesterol supplementation, it is still not known whether it works or not. The study will try to provide an answer to this question by studying the disease and its progression while patients are receiving cholesterol.
The clinical features of SLOS are thought to be related to low cholesterol and buildup of toxic cholesterol precursors (substances from which cholesterol is ... (Show More)