Admixture Mapping of Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia
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In this study, we used admixture mapping to test the hypothesis that genomic variations with different frequencies in European and African ancestral genomes influence susceptibility to Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) in a sample of African Americans. A total of 565 adult African Americans were genotyped for admixture mapping. Cases were unique African American adult inpatients with monomicrobial SAB (N=390) and controls are age-matched adult African American inpatients with no current or past S. aureus infection (N=175).
After empirical multiplicity adjustment, one region on chromosome 6 (52 SNPs, P = 4.56e-05) in the HLA class II region was found to exhibit a genome-wide statistically significant increase in European ancestry. This region encodes genes involved in HLA-mediated immune response and these results provide additional evidence for genetic variation influencing HLA-mediated immunity, modulating susceptibility to SAB.