Impaired HLA Class I Antigen Processing and Presentation as a Mechanism of Acquired Resistance to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Lung Cancer
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Mechanisms of acquired resistance to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether alterations in genes encoding components of the HLA Class I antigen processing and presentation machinery or interferon signaling pathways play a role in acquired resistance to PD-1 or PD-L1 antagonistic antibodies. Whole exome sequencing was performed on tumor samples collected from patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer at the time of resistance to PD-1 axis inhibitors and on available matched pre-treatment and normal samples. Patient-derived xenografts successfully established from the ICI-resistant samples were also exome sequenced. Additionally, RNA sequencing was performed on cases with sufficient tissue.