Field Studies of Human Immunity to Amebiasis in Bangladesh (NIH Birth Cohort) and Exploration of the Biologic Basis for Underperformance of Oral Polio and Rotavirus Vaccines in Bangladesh (PROVIDE)
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NIH birth cohort study
Amebiasis is a common cause of diarrhea and is associated with malnutrition in grade-school aged children in an urban slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Field Studies of Human Immunity to Amebiasis in Bangladesh was designed to determine the contribution of amebiasis to illness in the first 2 years of life when most deaths due to diarrhea occur, and understand the immunologic and genetic factors that protect children from amebiasis.
The hypothesis underlying the study is that susceptibility to amebiasis is determined by host innate and acquired immune responses that vary between individuals in part due to: human genetic polymorphisms; environmental influences including malnutrition and concurrent geohelminth infection; and virulence differences among Entamoeba histolytica genotypes.
Specific aims proposed in the design of the study were to:
a) Measure the incidence of amebiasis and correlate it with human and parasite genetic polymorphisms, immune responses, and environmental factors such as geohelminth infection and ... (Show More)