Genetic Analysis of Metopic Nonsyndromic Craniosynostosis
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Craniosynostosis (CS), the premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures, is a common defect occurring in 1 in 2,500 live births. About 85% of infants with CS present as nonsyndromic (i.e., without unrelated, major birth defects or developmental delay). Nonsyndromic CS (NCS) is a heterogeneous condition with presumed multifactorial etiology; however, its causes remain largely unknown. As such, primary prevention strategies for this defect are limited.
Through our International Craniosynostosis Consortium (ICC), we have advanced the understanding of the genetic etiology for the most common NCS subtype, sagittal NCS (sNCS). As a result of our previous funding (R01 DE016866), we successfully conducted the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) for sNCS and identified robust associations to loci near BMP2 (rs1884302; P=1.1x10-39; OR=4.38) and intronic to BBS9 (rs10262453; P=5.6x10-20; OR=0.24), both biologically plausible genes with a role in skeletal development.
Building on our work, we investigated case-parent trios with metopic NCS ... (Show More)