NHLBI TOPMed - NHGRI CCDG: The GENetics in Atrial Fibrillation (GENAF) Study
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The Genetics in AF (GENAF) study enrolled individuals with early-onset lone AF before age 50 in Norway between 2009 and 2016. Early-onset was defined as diagnosis of AF before age 50. Lone AF was defined as AF in the absence of clinical or echocardiographic findings of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, metabolic or pulmonary disease. AF was documented in ECG. All participants underwent clinical examination, including ECG, echocardiography, and blood draw, from which DNA has been extracted. The study conforms to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Regional Ethics Committee (REK) in Norway (Protocol reference number: 2009/2224-5). All included patients gave written informed consent.