Relationship between low LDL cholesterol concentrations not due to statin therapy and risk of type 2 diabetes: a US-based cross-sectional observational study using electronic medical records
|Study ID||Alternative Stable ID||Type|
Lipid lowering therapy using HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) is associated with an approximately 9-12% increase in the risk of new-onset type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The risk of diabetes could be increased by statins directly; however, genetic approaches have also implicated low LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations as a risk factor for T2DM. Mendelian randomization studies using functional variants in both HMGCR (GeneID:3156) and PCSK9 (GeneID:255738) genes found a higher risk of T2DM in individuals with variants associated with lower LDL-C concentrations. Since PCSK9 and HMGCR are involved in lipid metabolism through distinct molecular pathways, the altered glycemic effect associated with variants in both genes is likely to be the result of their common effect on LDL-C concentrations.
Despite the findings from statin clinical trials and genetic studies, there is little direct evidence implicating low LDL-C ... (Show More)