Norepinephrine Transporter Blockade as a Pathophysiological Biomarker in Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
phs001595 Longitudinal

Study Description

The clinical picture of autonomic failure is dominated by disabling orthostatic hypotension. Recent developments in the understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of the discrete clinical forms of autonomic failure have revealed that participants with multiple system atrophy (MSA) are characterized by impairment of central autonomic pathways crucial for autonomic cardiovascular control, but have intact peripheral postganglionic noradrenergic fibers. Participants with MSA have peripheral residual sympathetic tone that is no longer modulated by central autonomic centers and is not under baroreflex control and, therefore, cannot be harnessed to improve their orthostatic hypotension. On the other hand, participants with pure autonomic failure (PAF) and with Parkinson' s disease (PD) are characterized by neurodegeneration and loss of peripheral noradrenergic fibers, as evidenced by low levels of plasma norepinephrine and absent cardiac uptake of labeled catechols. Pharmacological inhibition of the norepinephrine transporter (NET) is an example of an approach that can take ... (Show More)

Archive Link Archive Accession
dbGaP phs001595

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