Bayesian-Based Noninvasive Prenatal Diagnosis of Single-Gene Disorders

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
phs001659 Parent-Offspring Trios

Study Description

In the last decade, non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) has emerged as an effective procedure for early detection of inherited diseases during pregnancy. This technique is based on using cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and fetal cfDNA (cffDNA) in maternal blood, and hence, has minimal risk for the mother and fetus compared with invasive techniques. NIPD is used today for identifying chromosomal abnormalities (in some instances) and for single-gene disorders (SGDs) of paternal origin. However, for SGDs of maternal origin, sensitivity poses a challenge that limits the testing to one genetic disorder at a time. Here we present a Bayesian method for the NIPD of monogenic diseases that is independent of the mode of inheritance and parental origin. Furthermore, we show that accounting for differences in the fragment length distribution of fetal- and maternal-derived cfDNA results in increased accuracy. Our model is the first to predict inherited insertions-deletions (indels). The method described can serve as a general framework for the NIPD of SGDs; this will facilitate easy integration of ... (Show More)

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dbGaP phs001659

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