Role of the Cervico-Vaginal Microbiome in Spontaneous Preterm Birth

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
phs001739 Longitudinal

Study Description

Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. A failure to predict and understand the causes of preterm birth have limited effective interventions and therapeutics. From a cohort of 2,000 pregnant women, we performed a nested case control study on 107 well-phenotyped cases of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) and 432 women delivering at term. Modern and innovative Bayesian modeling of vaginal microbiota identified features of these communities associated with PTB. Seven bacterial taxa were shown to have relative abundances significantly associated with an increased risk of sPTB, with a stronger effect in African American women. However, higher vaginal levels of β-defensins significantly decreased the risk of sPTB associated with the vaginal microbiota in an ethnicity-dependent manner. These findings hold promise for the development of novel diagnostics that could more accurately identify women at risk for sPTB early in pregnancy and offer new therapeutic strategies that would include immune modulators and microbiome-based therapeutics to reduce this ... (Show More)

Archive Link Archive Accession
dbGaP phs001739

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