High-Resolution Clonal Mapping of Multi-Organ Metastasis, and Resistance to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy, in Triple Negative Breast Cancer
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Clonal dynamics during metastasis were studied in two patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models established from treatment-naive primary breast tumors from TNBC patients diagnosed with concurrent metastatic disease. Genomic sequencing and barcode-mediated clonal tracking revealed robust alterations in clonal architecture between primary tumors and metastases. Polyclonal seeding and maintenance of low-abundance subclones was observed in each metastatic lesion examined. Lung, liver, and brain metastases were enriched for an identical population of subclones. Clones dominating multi-organ metastases shared a genomic lineage. Thus, properties of rare mammary tumor subclones enabled the seeding and colonization of metastases in multiple secondary organ sites.
In this study, patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models of treatment-naive TNBC and serial biopsies from TNBC patients undergoing NACT were used to elucidate mechanisms of chemoresistance in the neoadjuvant setting. Barcode-mediated clonal tracking and genomic sequencing of PDX tumors revealed that residual tumors remaining ... (Show More)