Molecular Features of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Associated with 18F-Fluorocholine PET/CT Imaging Phenotype
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Molecular imaging with 18F-fluorocholine PET/CT reveals two distinct imaging phenotypes for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as a potential source of non-invasive insight into its molecular heterogeneity. Using gene set enrichment analyses, we found 18F-fluorocholine-avid tumors to be significantly enriched by genes comprising a subset of previously published HCC-related gene signatures. Significant gene sets included those from existing molecular classification systems for HCC as well as gene signatures predictive of clinical outcomes after tumor resection. PET/CT imaging using 18F-fluorocholine might therefore provide surrogate information about tumor molecular characteristics and prognosis in HCC.