Enhancer signatures stratify and predict outcomes of non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors
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Most pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) do not produce symptoms of hormonal excess and are hence considered “non-functional”. Their clinical behaviors vary widely, emphasizing the need for a robust classification with prognostic power. Using enhancer maps to infer regulatory programs, we find that the large majority of non-functional PNETs fall into two major sub-types that reflect alpha and beta endocrine cell ontogeny, respectively. Tumors of the different subtypes have similar clinical presentations and histology, but express distinct lineage-specifying transcription factors, ARX or PDX1. Here we provide the raw ChIP-seq and RNA-seq data of the PNET cohort in this study, as well as ChIP-seq data of ileal carcinoids.