Phase II trial of targeted immune-depleting chemotherapy and reduced-intensity allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation using 8/8 and 7/8 HLA-matched unrelated donors and utilizing two graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis regimens for the treatment of leukemias, lymphomas, and pre-malignant blood disorders
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Major problems with stem cell transplantation (SCT) for cancer treatment are a lack of suitable donors for patients without an HLA tissue-matched sibling and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), a serious side effects of immune-suppressing chemotherapy that is given to bring the cancer under control before SCT. In GVHD, the patient's immune system attacks the transplanted donor cells.
This study will try to improve the results of SCT from unrelated HLA-matched donors using targeted immune-depleting chemotherapy to bring the cancer under control before transplantation and to lower the chance of graft rejection, followed by reduced-intensity transplant chemotherapy to make the procedure less toxic.
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of targeted immune-depleting chemotherapy followed by reduced-intensity transplant chemotherapy in patients with advanced cancers of the blood and immune system.
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of two different drug combinations to prevent GVHD. Both regimens have been ... (Show More)