Evolution of Core Archetypal Phenotypes in High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer (HGSOC)
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The evolution of resistance in high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) cells in response to chemotherapy is only partially understood. To uncover phenotypic changes associated with chemotherapy resistance, we performed single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) or whole-genome sequencing of 23 total patients, with longitudinal samples collected from 9, treatment-naïve samples from 8 patients, and post-treatment samples from 6 patients.
Our study revealed that the HGSOC transcriptome could be described using three core archetypal phenotypes, defined as oncogenic tasks that describe majority of the transcriptional data. We implemented a multi-task learning approach to identify the biological tasks of each archetype and identified metabolism and proliferation, cellular defense response, and DNA repair signaling. The “metabolism and proliferation” archetype evolved during treatment and was enriched in cancer cells from patients that received multiple-lines of treatment and had elevated tumor burden indicated by CA-125 levels. The emergence of ... (Show More)