Spatial heterogeneity of follicular lymphoma

Dataset ID Technology Samples
EGAD00001003553 Illumina HiSeq 2500 31

Dataset Description

Follicular lymphoma (FL) is an incurable B cell malignancy characterized by advanced stage disease and a heterogeneous clinical course. Recent genomic studies have focused on profiling “single” FL biopsies over several time-points, however, multi-site sampling in solid cancers has demonstrated profound spatial intra-tumor heterogeneity (ITH) with implications for precision medicine based initiatives. This study examined the extent of spatial heterogeneity in FL by whole exome sequencing 22 synchronously removed spatially separated biopsies from 9 patients. We observed significant differences in the extent of ITH across cases, with two distinct patterns of high and low spatial heterogeneity emerging. Site-specific alterations in genes with biological, prognostic or therapeutic relevance included, TNFRSF14, PIK3CD, TNFAIP3, PTEN, EP300 and XBP1. In depth characterization of these variants using deep-sequencing techniques confirmed their discordant nature, suggesting on-going genetic diversification driving evolution after widespread tumor dissemination. There was evidence of tumors comprising multiple competing subclones, with distinct clusters of mutations demonstrating differential expansions within spatially-separated sites. For cases where spatial tumors were examined at two time-points (FL and transformation to diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL)), the degree of heterogeneity increased with transformation. Collectively, our results demonstrate that spatial ITH is prevalent in FL. The existence of site-specific aberrations suggests that a single biopsy may not be sufficient in all patients to capture the full genomic complexity present and these spatial ... (Show More)

Who controls access to this dataset

For each dataset that requires controlled access, there is a corresponding Data Access Committee (DAC) who determine access permissions. Access to actual data files is not managed by the EGA. If you need to request access to this data set, please contact:

Barts Cancer Institute - Follicular Lymphoma Whole Genome Sequencing Project Data Access Committee
Contact person: Jude Fitzgibbon
Email: j [dot] fitzgibbon [at] qmul [dot] ac [dot] uk
More details: EGAC00001000086


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