Dataset

WGS BAM files fromxa0Genomic Features and Classification of Homologous Recombination Deficient Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Dataset ID Technology Samples
EGAD00001007571 N/A 809

Dataset Description

Background and Aims: Homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), remains poorly defined beyond germline(g) alterations in BRCA1, BRCA2 and PALB2. Methods: We interrogated whole genome sequencing (WGS) data on 391 patients including 49 carriers of pathogenic variants (PVs) in g_BRCA_ and PALB2. HRD classifiers were applied to the dataset and included: 1) the genomic instability score (GIS) used by Myriad MyChoice HRD assay; 2) substitution base signature 3 (SBS3); 3) HRDetect; and, 4) Structural Variant (SV) burden. Clinical outcomes and responses to chemotherapy were correlated with HRD status. Results: Biallelic tumour inactivation of g_BRCA_ or PALB2 was evident in 43/49 germline carriers identifying HRD-PDAC. HRDetect (score ?0.7) predicted gBRCA1/PALB2 deficiency with highest sensitivity (98%) and specificity (100%). HRD genomic tumour classifiers suggested that 7-10% of PDAC that do not harbor g_BRCA/PALB2_ have features of HRD. Of the somatic HRDetect cases, 69% were attributed to alterations in BRCA1/2, PALB2, RAD51C/D and XRCC2, and a tandem duplicator phenotype. TP53 loss was more common in BRCA1- compared to BRCA2-associated HRD-PDAC. HRD status was not prognostic in resected PDAC. However in advanced disease the GIS (p=0.02), SBS3 (p=0.03) and HRDetect score (p=0.005) were predictive of platinum response and superior survival. PVs in g_ATM_ (n=6) or g_CHEK2_ (n=2) did not result in HRD-PDAC by any of the classifiers. In four patients, BRCA2 reversion mutations associated with platinum resistance. Conclusions: Germline and parallel somatic profiling of PDAC outperforms germline testing alone in identifying HRD-PDAC. An ... (Show More)

Who controls access to this dataset

For each dataset that requires controlled access, there is a corresponding Data Access Committee (DAC) who determine access permissions. Access to actual data files is not managed by the EGA. If you need to request access to this data set, please contact:

PanCuRx Data Access Committee, Ontario Institute for Cancer Research
Contact person: Julie Wilson
Email: oicr-dac [at] oicr [dot] on [dot] ca
More details: EGAC00001000710

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