A small cell lung cancer genome reports complex tobacco exposure signatures

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00000000051 Whole Genome Sequencing

Study Description

Cancer is driven by mutation. Worldwide, tobacco smoking is the major lifestyle exposure that causes cancer, exerting carcinogenicity through 60 chemicals that bind and mutate DNA. Using massively parallel sequencing technology, we sequenced a small cell lung cancer cell line, NCI-H209, to explore the mutational burden associated with tobacco smoking. 22,910 somatic substitutions were identified, including 132 in coding exons. Multiple mutation signatures testify to the cocktail of carcinogens in tobacco smoke and their proclivities for particular bases and surrounding sequence context. Effects of transcription-coupled repair and a second, more general expression-linked repair pathway were evident. We identified a tandem duplication that duplicates exons 3-8 of CHD7 in-frame, and another two lines carrying PVT1-CHD7 fusion genes, suggesting that CHD7 may be recurrently rearranged in this disease. These findings illustrate the potential for next-generation sequencing to provide unprecedented insights into mutational processes, cellular repair pathways and gene networks associated ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
NCI-H209 is an immortal cell line derived from a bone marrow metastasis of a patient with small cell lung cancer, taken before chemotherapy. The specimen showed histologically typical small cells with classic neuroendocrine features. NCI-BL209 is an EBV-transformed B-cell line derived from the same patient as the small cell lung cancer cell line, NCI-H209
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