Genomic analyses of gynecologic carcinosarcomas reveal frequent mutations in chromatin remodeling genes

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001000941 Other

Study Description

Malignant Mixed Müllerian Tumors, also known as carcinosarcomas, are rare tumors of gynecological origin. Here we perform whole exome analyses of 22 tumors using massively parallel sequencing to determine the mutational landscape of this tumor type. On average, we identify 43 mutations per tumor, excluding four cases with a mutator phenotype that harbored inactivating mutations in mismatch repair genes. In addition to mutations in TP53 and KRAS, we identify genetic alterations in chromatin remodeling genes, ARID1A and ARID1B, in histone methyltransferase MLL3, in histone deacetylase modifier SPOP, and in chromatin assembly factor BAZ1A, in nearly two thirds of cases. Alterations in genes with potential clinical utility are observed in more than three quarters of the cases and included members of the PI 3-kinase and homologous DNA repair pathways. These findings highlight the importance of the dysregulation of chromatin remodeling in carcinosarcoma tumorigenesis and suggest new avenues for personalized therapy.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Whole exome sequencing data from tumor and normal samples from carcinosarcoma (malignant mixed mullerian tumor) patients
Illumina HiSeq 2000 44

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