Recursive splicing in long vertebrate genes

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001001170 Other

Study Description

Recent studies have shown that expression of many genes with exceptionally long introns in the mammalian brain can be perturbed by regulatory factors linked to neurodevelopmental or neurodegenerative disorders1-3, suggesting unique regulatory mechanisms. Here we identify functional recursive splice sites (RSS) in long introns of genes expressed in the brain. These RSS are highly conserved in genes with extreme length across diverse vertebrate species and permit step-wise removal of long introns via recursive splicing. Recursive splicing requires initial definition of a “recursive exon” that is located downstream of RSS, and most often contains premature stop codons. Moreover, we show that RSS create a splicing switch driven by splice site competition in order to distinguish primary mRNA isoforms from alternative isoforms that are prevalent in long genes. The recursive exon is not detectable in the dominant mRNA isoform due to recursive splicing, but is completely included when cryptic promoters or other cryptic exons are used. Thus, by coupling inclusion of recursive exons with ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Brain samples for this dataset were provided by the Medical Research Council Sudden Death Brain and Tissue Bank (Edinburgh, UK). All four individuals sampled were of European descent, neurologically normal during life and confirmed to be neuropathologically normal by a consultant neuropathologist using histology performed on sections prepared from paraffin-embedded tissue blocks. Twelve regions of the central nervous system were sampled from each individual. The regions studied were: ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2000 48

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