Searching for variants associated with endometriosis
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We explored regulatory mechanism of a SNP on chromosome 9p21 associated with endometriosis by leveraging “allele-specific” functional genomic approaches. By re-sequencing 1.29 Mb of 9p21 region and scrutinizing DNase-seq data from the ENCODE project, we prioritized rs17761446 as a candidate functional variant that was in perfect linkage disequilibrium with the original GWAS SNP (rs10965235) and located on DNase I hypersensitive site. Chromosome conformation capture followed by high-throughput sequencing revealed that the protective G allele of rs17761446 exerted stronger chromatin interaction with ANRIL promoter. We demonstrated that the protective allele exhibited preferential binding affinities to TCF7L2 and EP300 by bioinformatics and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analyses. ChIP assays for histone H3 lysine 27 acetylation and RNA polymerase II reinforced the enhancer activity of the SNP site. The allele specific expression analysis for eutopic endometrial tissues and endometrial carcinoma cell lines showed that rs17761446 was a cis-regulatory variant where G allele was ... (Show More)
Study Datasets 1 dataset.
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We performed target re-sequencing for 1.29 Mb interval of chromosome 9 (chr9:21299764–22590271, hg19). NimbleGen SeqCap EZ choice system was used as a target enrichment method (Roche Diagnostics). A DNA probe set complementary to the target region was designed by NimbleDesign. The libraries were sequenced on the Illumina MiSeq platform with 2×150-bp paired-end module (Illumina). Fastq files for 48 Japanese patients with endometriosis are deposited.
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