Rare disruptive mutations in ciliary function genes contribute to testicular cancer susceptibility
Testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) is the most common cancer in young men1,2. Here we aimed to identify novel risk factors for TGCT using whole-exome sequencing, which was performed on 328 affected individuals from 153 families, 634 sporadic cases and 1,644 controls. We searched for genes that were recurrently affected by rare variants (minor allele frequency <0.01) with potentially damaging effects and evidence of segregation in families. 8.7% of families carried rare disruptive mutations in the cilia-microtubule genes (CMG) as compared to 0.5% of controls3 (P=2.1x10-8). The most significantly mutated CMG was DNAAF1 with biallelic inactivation and loss of DNAAF1 expression shown in tumors from carriers. DNAAF1 as a cause of TGCT was supported by a DNAAF1Hu255h(+/-) zebrafish model with 94% penetrance for TGCT compared to 14% in wildtype fish. These data implicate cilia-microtubule inactivation as a cause of TGCT development and are the first evidence for CMGs as cancer susceptibility genes.
- Type: Other
- Archiver: EGA European Genome-Phenome Archive
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Rare disruptive mutations in ciliary function genes contribute to testicular cancer susceptibility.
Nat Commun 7: 2016 13840
Lack of pathogenic germline DICER1 variants in males with testicular germ-cell tumors.
Cancer Genet 248-249: 2020 49-56