Study

Rare disruptive mutations in ciliary function genes contribute to testicular cancer susceptibility

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001001789 Other

Study Description

Testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) is the most common cancer in young men1,2. Here we aimed to identify novel risk factors for TGCT using whole-exome sequencing, which was performed on 328 affected individuals from 153 families, 634 sporadic cases and 1,644 controls. We searched for genes that were recurrently affected by rare variants (minor allele frequency <0.01) with potentially damaging effects and evidence of segregation in families. 8.7% of families carried rare disruptive mutations in the cilia-microtubule genes (CMG) as compared to 0.5% of controls3 (P=2.1x10-8). The most significantly mutated CMG was DNAAF1 with biallelic inactivation and loss of DNAAF1 expression shown in tumors from carriers. DNAAF1 as a cause of TGCT was supported by a DNAAF1Hu255h(+/-) zebrafish model with 94% penetrance for TGCT compared to 14% in wildtype fish. These data implicate cilia-microtubule inactivation as a cause of TGCT development and are the first evidence for CMGs as cancer susceptibility genes.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001004345
This dataset contains variant call format files generated from whole exome sequencing of germline DNA from indiviudals with diagnosed with testicualr germ cell cancer.
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