Study

The DNA methylation landscape of glioblastoma disease progression shows extensive heterogeneity in time and space

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002538 Other

Study Description

Glioblastoma is characterized by widespread genetic and transcriptional heterogeneity, yet little is known about the role of the epigenome in glioblastoma disease progression. Here, we present genome-scale maps of DNA methylation in matched primary and recurring glioblastoma tumors, using data from a highly annotated clinical cohort that was selected through a national patient registry. We demonstrate the feasibility of DNA methylation mapping in a large set of routinely collected FFPE samples, and we validate bisulfite sequencing as a multipurpose assay that allowed us to infer a range of different genetic, epigenetic, and transcriptional characteristics of the profiled tumor samples. On the basis of these data, we identified subtle differences between primary and recurring tumors, links between DNA methylation and the tumor microenvironment, and an association of epigenetic tumor heterogeneity with patient survival. In summary, this study establishes an open resource for dissecting DNA methylation heterogeneity in a genetically diverse and heterogeneous cancer, and it demonstrates ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 4 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001003427
Genome-wide profiling of DNA methylation levels by RRBS in 349 samples, derived from 112 glioblastoma (IDH wildtype) patients, 13 IDH muated brain tumor patients, and 5 normal brain controls. For each patient samples from at least two and up to six tumor resections are available. For 6 patients multiple regions of each tumor were sampled.
Illumina HiSeq 2000,Illumina HiSeq 3000,Illumina HiSeq 4000 349
EGAD00001004074
Genome-wide profiling of DNA methylation levels by RRBS in 150 glioblastoma tumor samples. Patients were selected to represent the general population of glioblastoma patients based on Austrian Brain Tumor Registry. These DNA methylation profiles were created for the validation of the glioblastoma progression study (GBMatch) and consist of 106 profiles from FFPE samples and 44 profiles from fresh-frozen samples. For the 44 fresh-frozen samples also WGS data (43 genomes) and RNA-seq data (37 ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 3000 150
EGAD00001004076
37 transcriptomes derived from fresh-frozen glioblastoma tumor samples. These transcriptomes have been produced for validation purposes and match the corresponding RRBS and WGS profiles in that DNA and RNA was extracted from the same tumor samples.
Illumina HiSeq 3000 37
EGAD00001004077
43 low-coverage genomes derived from fresh-frozen glioblastoma tumor samples. These genomes have been produced for validation purposes and match the corresponding RRBS and RNA-seq profiles in that DNA and RNA was extracted from the same tumor samples.
Illumina HiSeq 3000 43

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