Biallelic tumor suppressor loss and DNA repair defects in de novo small cell prostate cancer

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003007 Other

Study Description

Small cell prostatic carcinoma (SCPC) is an aggressive pathology that is managed similar to small cell lung cancer. SCPC can evolve from prostatic adenocarcinoma in response to androgen deprivation therapy but in rare cases is present at initial cancer diagnosis. The molecular etiology of de novo SCPC is incompletely understood due to the scarcity of tumor tissue and the brief life expectancy of patients. Through a retrospective search of our regional oncology pharmacy database, we identified 18 patients diagnosed with de novo SCPC between 2004 and 2017. Ten patients had pure SCPC pathology and the remainder had some admixed adenocarcinoma foci, but all were treated with first line platinum-based chemotherapy. Median overall survival was 28 months. We performed targeted DNA sequencing, whole exome sequencing and mRNA profiling on formalin-fixed paraffin embedded archival tumor tissue. We observed frequent biallelic deletion and/or mutation of tumor suppressors TP53, RB1 and PTEN, similar to treatment related SCPC. Indeed, at the RNA level pure de novo SCPC closely resembled ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset consists of 44 compressed paired fastq files, 15 of which are generated from whole exome sequencing, and 29 of which are generated from DNA sequencing using a targeted gene panel capturing the exonic regions of 73 prostate cancer driver genes. Targeted DNA sequencing was performed on an Illumina MiSeq (v3 600 cycle kit), and exome sequencing was done using an Illumina HiSeq 2500 (v4 250 cycle kit) machine. The fastq files are named in accordance with the sample aliases provided, ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2500,Illumina MiSeq 44

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