Inference of transcription factor binding from cell-free DNA enables tumor subtype prediction and early detection

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003206 Other

Study Description

Deregulation of transcription factors (TFs) is an important driver of tumorigenesis, but non-invasive assays for assessing transcription factor activity are lacking. We Here we developed and validated a minimally invasive method for assessing TF activity based on cell-free DNA sequencing and nucleosome footprint analysis. We analyzed whole genome sequencing data for >1,000 cell-free DNA samples from cancer patients and healthy controls using a newly developed bioinformatics pipeline developed by us that infers accessibility of TF binding sites from cell-free DNA fragmentation patterns. We observe patient-specific as well as tumor-specific patterns, including accurate prediction of tumor subtypes in prostate cancer, with important clinical implications for the management of patients. Furthermore, we show that cell-free DNA TF profiling is capable of detection of early-stage colorectal carcinomas. Our approach for mapping tumor-specific transcription factor binding in vivo based on blood samples makes a key part of the noncoding genome amenable to clinical analysis.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
random whole-genome shotgun sequencing of cfDNA in control samples (NPH*) and late-stage cancer samples. First letter denotes primary cancer tissue (C: Colon, B: Breast, P: Prostate)
Illumina NovaSeq 6000,NextSeq 550 41

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