Androgen deprivation therapy promotes an inflammatory and obesity-like microenvironment in periprostatic fat
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Prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death and morbidity worldwide. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the cornerstone of management for advanced disease. The use of androgen deprivation therapies is associated with multiple side effects, including metabolic syndrome and truncal obesity. At the same time, obesity has been associated with both prostate cancer development and disease progression, linked to its effects on chronic inflammation at a tissue level. The connection between androgen deprivation therapy, obesity, inflammation, and prostate cancer progression is well-established in clinical settings; however, an understanding of the changes in adipose tissue at the molecular level induced by castrating therapies is missing. Here we investigated the transcriptional changes in periprostatic fat tissue induced by profound androgen deprivation therapy in a group of patients with high-risk tumours compared to a matching untreated cohort. We find that androgen deprivation therapy is associated with a pro-inflammatory and obesity-like adipose tissue ... (Show More)
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Androgen deprivation therapy treated patients (n=11) were recruited from an open label neoadjuvant phase II study in which patients with high-risk disease received a ‘supercastration’ regimen consisting of degarelix 240/80 mg subcutaneously every four weeks; abiraterone acetate 500 mg orally daily titrating upwards every two weeks by 250 mg to a final dose of 1000 mg daily; bicalutamide 50 mg orally daily; and prednisolone 5 mg orally twice daily for a total of 6 months (Australian New ... (Show More)
|Illumina HiSeq 2500||11|
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