Mutational Patterns in Metastatic Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003370 Other

Study Description

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) from the head and neck typically metastasizes to the lymph nodes of the neck and parotid glands. When a primary is not identified, they are difficult to distinguish from metastases of mucosal origin and primary salivary gland SCC. Ultraviolet radiation causes a mutation pattern that predominantly features cytosine to thymine transitions at dipyrimidine sites and has been associated with cSCC. In this study, we used whole genome sequencing data from 15 cSCC metastases and show that a UV signature mutation is pervasive across the cohort and distinct from mucosal SCC. The mutational burden was exceptionally high and concentrated in some regions of the genome, especially insulator elements (mean 162 mutations / Mb). We therefore evaluated the likely impact of UV-induced mutations on the dipyrimidine rich binding site of the main human insulator protein, CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF), and the possible implications on CTCF function and the spatial organization of the genome. Our findings suggest that mutation signature analysis may be useful in ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset includes somatic small variant calling files derived from fifteen metastatic samples from cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma matched to normal blood samples. These samples were whole-genome sequenced by HiSeq X Ten and the resulting reads were mapped against the human genome (hg37) using BWA-MEM 0.7.10-r789. Somatic variant calling was then performed using strelka 1 (version 2.0.17).

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