Germline variants collaborate with somatic mutations and initiate and/or drive disease in primary myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN)

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003547 Cancer Genomics

Study Description

Therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (T-MN) are poorly characterized secondary hematological malignancies following chemotherapy/radiotherapy exposure. We compared the clinical and mutational characteristics of T-MN (n=129) and primary myelodysplastic syndrome (P-MDS, n=108) patients. Although the somatic mutation frequency was similar between T-MN and P-MDS patients (93% in both groups), the pattern was distinct. TP53 mutations were more frequent in T-MN (29.5% versus 7%), while spliceosomal complex mutations were more common in P-MDS (56.5% versus 25.6%).In contrast to P-MDS, the ring sideroblasts (RS) phenotype was not associated with better survival in T-MN, most probably due to genetic association with TP53 mutations. SF3B1 was mutated in 96% of P-MDS with ≥15% RS, but in only 32% T-MN. TP53 mutations were detected in 92% T-MN with ≥15% RS and SF3B1 wild-type cases. Interestingly, T-MN and P-MDS patients with “Very low” or “Low” Revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R) showed similar biological and clinical characteristics. In a Cox-regression analysis, ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Somatic mutation frequencies in patients with therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (129 patients, 181 samples including bone marrow, mesenchymal stromal cells and hair DNA) and primary myelodysplastic syndrome (108 patients, 215 samples including bone marrow, mesenchymal stromal cells and hair DNA) is assessed by deep sequencing of selected genes, using a Fluidigm Access Array, a Nimblegen capture panel and an Ion AmpliSeq panel. The dataset consists of paired fastq files obtained by either Hiseq ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2000,NextSeq 500 396

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