Recapitulation of genetic predisposition to medulloblastoma in human neuroepithelial stem cells

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003620 Other

Study Description

Human neural stem cell cultures provide progenitor cells that are potential cells of origin for brain cancers. However, the extent to which genetic predisposition to tumor formation can be faithfully captured in stem cell lines is uncertain. Here we evaluated neuroepithelial stem (NES) cells, representative of cerebellar progenitors. We transduced NES cells with MYCN, observing medulloblastoma upon orthotopic implantation in mice. Significantly, transcriptomes and patterns of DNA methylation from xenograft tumors were globally more representative of human medulloblastoma compared to a MYCN-driven genetically engineered mouse model. Orthotopic transplantation of NES cells generated from Gorlin syndrome, patients predisposed to medulloblastoma due to germline mutated PTCH1, also generated medulloblastoma. We engineered candidate cooperating mutations in Gorlin NES cells, with mutation of DDX3X or loss of GSE1 both accelerating tumorigenesis. These findings demonstrate that human NES cells provide a potent experimental resource for dissecting genetic causation in medulloblastoma.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Raw RNA-seq data for WT and 2 Gorlin NES cells, tumors derived from MYCN mis-expressed WT NES cells, tumors derived from Gorlin NES cells, and tumors derived from Gorlin NES cells transduced with mutant DDX3X (R351W and R534S) and CRISPR/Cas9 targeting GSE1 (each sample has 3 replicates/tumors except Gorlin NES cell tumors have 4). Raw whole exome sequencing data for WT and Gorlin 1 NES cells, tumors derived from MYCN mis-expressed WT NES cells, and tumors derived from Gorlin NES cells (each ... (Show More)
HiSeq X Ten,Illumina HiSeq 4000,Illumina MiSeq 44

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