Mutational signature in colorectal cancer induced by genotoxic pks+ E. coli
|Study ID||Alternative Stable ID||Type|
Various species of the intestinal microbiota have been associated with the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), yet a direct role of bacteria in the occurrence of oncogenic mutations has not been established. Escherichia coli can carry the pathogenicity island pks, which encodes a set of enzymes that synthesize colibactin. This compound alkylates DNA on adenine residues and induces double strand breaks in cultured cells. Here, we exposed human intestinal organoids to genotoxic pks+ Escherichia coli by repeated luminal injection over a period of 5 months. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) of clonal organoids before and after this exposure reveals a distinct mutational signature, absent from organoids injected with isogenic pks-mutant bacteria. The same mutational signature is detected in a subset of 3668 human metastatic cancer genomes, predominantly in a subset of CRC cases. Our study describes a distinct mutational signature in CRC and implies that the underlying mutational process directly results from past exposure to bacteria carrying the colibactin-producing pks pathogenicity ... (Show More)
Study Datasets 2 datasets.
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Organoid cultures were exposed to two different E.Coli strains and a dye control with three biological duplicates. Their original culture was harvested as a control. In total 10 organoid cultures were whole-genome sequenced using the Novaseq6000 platforms. The data is deposited as .bam format.
|Illumina NovaSeq 6000||20|
The mutagenicity of bacteria was assessed by serially exposing human small intestinal organoids to various bacterial species or isolated toxins. We have used the following abbreviations: EWT: Organoids exposed to E. coli described in PMID: 32106218 EKO: Organoids exposed to isogenic E. coli as EWT, with knockout of the deltaClbQ gene, rendering them unable to produce colibactin DYE: Organoids exposed to FastGreen injection control dye NIS: Organoids exposed to E. coli Nissle ETBF: Organoids ... (Show More)
|Illumina NovaSeq 6000||15|
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