Organoid cultures of early-onset colorectal cancers reveal distinct and rare genetic profiles

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004063 Other

Study Description

Sporadic early-onset colorectal cancer (EOCRC) has bad prognosis, yet is poorly represented by cell line models. We examine the key mutational and transcriptomic alterations in an organoid biobank enriched in EOCRCs. We established paired cancer (n=32) and normal organoids (n=18) from 20 patients enriched in microsatellite-stable EOCRC. Exome and transcriptome analysis was performed. We observed a striking diversity of molecular phenotypes, including PTPRK-RSPO3 fusions. Transcriptionally, RSPO fusion organoids resembled normal colon organoids and were distinct from APC mutant organoids, with high BMP2 and low PTK7 expression. Single cell transcriptome analysis confirmed the similarity between RSPO fusion organoids and normal organoids, with a propensity for maturation on Wnt withdrawal, whereas the APC mutant organoids were locked in progenitor stages. CRISPR/Cas9 engineered mutation of APC in normal human colon organoids led to upregulation of PTK7 protein and suppression of BMP2, but less so with an engineered RNF43 mutation. The frequent co-occurrence of RSPO fusions with SMAD4 ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 3 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Four micrograms of total RNA was used for cDNA library construction using the KAPA Stranded mRNA-Seq Kit (KR0960-v3.15), following manufacturer's protocol. The adaptor-ligated libraries were enriched by 6 cycles of polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Libraries were sequenced using the Novaseq 6000 with paired end 151bp reads.
Illumina HiSeq 1500,Illumina NovaSeq 6000 55
Five hundred fifty nanograms of genomic DNA were input for library preparation after fragmentation by Covaris S2, following the KAPA Hyper Prep Kit (KR0961-V1.14) protocols, with selection for a library size range of 250-450 bp. Three hundred nanograms per library DNA each from 12 samples were normalized and combined into a single pool for exome capture using the xGen Lockdown Probes and Reagents based on their standard protocols
HiSeq X Ten,Illumina HiSeq 1500,Illumina NovaSeq 6000 117
Five hundred nanograms of genomic DNA was fragmented by Covaris S2, the fragmented DNAs were performed end-repair, A-tailing at the 3 prime end, adaptors ligation with an IDT dual-indexed UMI adaptor system at the terminal ends. The adapter ligated library with size range 300-750bp were selected by dual-SPRI method. Twenty percent of the size selected PCR-free libraries were enriched by 5 PCR cycles prior to library size assessment by Bioanalyzer Fragment Analyzer. The PCR-free libraries were ... (Show More)
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 9

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