Cell-free DNA fragmentation patterns and personalized sequencing reveal circulating tumor DNA in urine and plasma of glioma patients

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004355 Other

Study Description

Glioma-derived cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is challenging to detect using liquid biopsy as levels in body fluids are low. We determined the glioma-derived DNA fractions in tumor biopsies, in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), plasma and urine samples, using deep sequencing of personalized capture panels. By sequencing cfDNA across thousands of mutations identified individually in each patient’s matched tumor we detected tumor-derived DNA in plasma (10/12) and urine samples (8/11). The median tumor fraction was 6.4x10-3 in CSF, 3.1x10-5 in plasma and 4.7x10-5 in urine. We identified a shift in the size distribution for mutant cfDNA fragments in these body fluids. Next, we analyzed cfDNA fragment sizes with paired-end shallow whole genome sequencing (WGS) in urine samples from 35 patients with gliomas, 8 individuals with non-malignant brain disorders, and 26 controls (n=69 individuals, 96 samples). cfDNA in urine of glioma patients was significantly more fragmented compared to urine from patients with non-malignant brain disorders (t-test, p=1.7x10-2) and compared to urine of controls (t-test, ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Dataset consisting of sequence data from 36 glioma patients. Data includes; -Whole exome sequencing of tumour tissue and matched germline -Shallow whole genome sequencing of urine cell-free DNA -Targeted capture sequencing of plasma and CSF cell-free DNA Additional sequencing data are provided from non-glioma and healthy controls
Illumina HiSeq 4000 213

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