Molecular stratification of endometrioid ovarian carcinoma predicts clinical outcome

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004366 Other

Study Description

Endometrioid ovarian carcinoma (EnOC) is an under-investigated type of ovarian carcinoma. Here, we report the largest genomic study of EnOCs to date, performing whole exome sequencing of 112 cases following rigorous pathological assessment. High frequencies of mutation were detected in CTNNB1(43%), PIK3CA(43%), ARID1A(36%), PTEN(29%), TP53(26%) and SOX8(19%), a novel target of recurrent mutation in EnOC. POLE and mismatch repair protein-encoding genes were mutated at lower frequency (6%, 18%) with significant co-occurrence. A molecular taxonomy was constructed using a novel algorithm (PRISTINE), identifying clinically distinct EnOC subtypes: TP53m cases demonstrated greater genomic complexity, were frequently FIGO stage III/IV at diagnosis (48%) and incompletely debulked (44%), and demonstrated inferior survival; conversely, CTNNB1m cases demonstrated low complexity and excellent clinical outcome, were predominantly stage I/II at diagnosis (89%) and completely resected (87%). Tumour complexity provides further resolution within the TP53wt/CTNNB1wt group. Moreover, we identify the ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Whole Exome sequencing data of tumour samples for 112 patients with endometrioid ovarian carcinoma in FASTQ format. Data was derived as summarized below: Library Preparation: Libraries were prepared from each DNA sample using the Illumina TruSeq Exome Library Prep kit (#FC-150-1002) according to the provided protocol using modifications for working with FFPE sourced material. Libraries were quantified using the Qubit 2.0 Fluorometer and the Qubit DNA HS assay (#Q32854) and the size ... (Show More)
NextSeq 550 112

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