Sensitive detection of tumor mutations from blood and its application to immunotherapy prognosis

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004373 Other

Study Description

Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is attractive for many applications, including cancer detection, locating, and monitoring. A fundamental task underlying these applications is the SNV calling from cfDNA, which, however, faces a new challenge, namely, the generally very low tumor content in cfDNA. Thus all existing callers fail to achieve satisfactory performance. Here we present cfSNV, a method incorporating multi-layer error suppression and hierarchical mutation calling, to address this important challenge. Furthermore, by leveraging cfDNA’s comprehensive coverage of clonal landscape, for the first time cfSNV can profile mutations even in subclones. In both simulated and real patient data, cfSNV vastly outperforms existing tools, showing tens of times increase in sensitivity in detecting mutations with low allele frequency while maintaining high precision. cfSNV can enhance the clinical utilities of cfDNA by dramatically reducing the required sequencing depth and therefore reduce the cost by magnitudes, and further make the Whole-Exome-Sequencing of cfDNA a viable option. As an example, ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
The plasma samples and white blood cell samples were collected from 30 non-small-cell lung cancer patients and 3 healthy individuals. The solid tumor biopsy samples from 14 patients (a subset of the 30 patients) were collected. The cfDNA was extracted from their plasma samples using the QIAamp circulating nucleic acid kit from QIAGEN (Germantown, MD). The cfDNA WES library was constructed with the SureSelect XT HS kit from Agilent Technologies (Santa Clara, CA) according to the manufacturer’s ... (Show More)
HiSeq X Ten,Illumina HiSeq 3000 83

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