Profiling the unique protective properties of intracranial arterial endothelial cells
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Cardiovascular disorders, like atherosclerosis and hypertension, are increasingly known to be associated with vascular cognitive impairment (VCI). In particular, intracranial atherosclerosis is one of the main causes of VCI, although plaque development occurs later in time and is structurally different compared to atherosclerosis in extracranial arteries. Recent data suggest that endothelial cells (ECs) that line the intracranial arteries may exert anti-atherosclerotic effects due to yet unidentified pathways. To gain insights into underlying mechanisms, we isolated post-mortem endothelial cells from both the intracranial basilar artery (BA) and the extracranial common carotid artery (CCA) from the same individual (total of 15 individuals) with laser capture microdissection. RNA sequencing revealed a distinct molecular signature of the two endothelial cell populations of which the most prominent ones were validated by means of qPCR. Our data reveal for the first time that intracranial artery ECs exert an immune quiescent phenotype. Secondly, genes known to be involved in the ... (Show More)
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This data set contains the raw .fastq files from one RNA-sequencing experiment. Endothelial cells of the basilar artery and endothelial cells of the carotid artery were post-mortem derived with laser microdissection and sequenced. For this analysis both the basilar- and the carotid artery endothelial cells of eleven individuals were sequenced. For more details please see: DMA Hermkens et al. "Profiling the Unique Protective Properties of Intracranial Arterial Endothelial Cells" Acta Neuropathol ... (Show More)