Single-cell RNA-seq of celiac disease-specific plasma cells
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Disease-specific plasma cells (PCs) reactive with transglutaminase 2 (TG2) or deamidated gluten peptides (DGP) are abundant in celiac disease (CeD) gut lesions. Their contribution toward CeD pathogenesis is unclear. We assessed expression of markers associated with PC longevity in 15 untreated and 26 treated CeD patients in addition to 13 non-CeD controls, and performed RNA-sequencing with clonal inference and transcriptomic analysis of 3251 single PCs. We observed antigen-dependent V-gene selection and stereotypic antibodies. Generation of recombinant DGP-specific antibodies revealed a key role of a heavy-chain residue that displays polymorphism, suggesting that immunoglobulin gene polymorphisms may influence CeD-specific antibody responses. We identified transcriptional differences between CeD-specific vs non-disease-specific PCs and between short-lived vs long-lived PCs. The short-lived CD19+CD45+ phenotype dominated in untreated and short-term-treated CeD, in particular among disease-specific PCs but also in the general PC population. Thus, the disease lesion of untreated CeD is ... (Show More)
Study Datasets 2 datasets.
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The dataset contains metadata for all cells before scRNA-seq quality control and for cells passing quality control. It also contains a count matrix with Salmon gene counts for all cells passing quality control, and reconstructed B-cell receptor sequences using the computational tool BraCeR. The scRNA-seq data was generated using the Smart-seq2 protocol and sequenced on Illumina NextSeq500.
This dataset contains scRNA-seq fastq files (trimmed for quality and adapters using Trim Galore) for 3739 intestinal plasma cells of known or unknown antigen specificities from in total 12 individuals (4 untreated coeliac disease patients, 3 treated coeliac disease patients, 5 controls). The data was generated using the Smart-seq2 protocol and sequenced on the Illumina NextSeq500 platform with 75 bp paired-end reads.
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