Single-cell RNA-seq of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid in severe COVID-19 and SARS-CoV-2 stimulated classical blood monocytes

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004928 Other

Study Description

We analyzed pulmonary monocyte and macrophage responses as well as and pulmonary pathology in two cohorts of patients with COVID-19 associated ARDS. Monocyte-derived macrophages accumulated in the lung during ARDS and acquired a profibrotic signature, characterized by high expression of known fibrogenic factors like TGFB1, SPP1 and LGMN. COVID-19 associated macrophages showed highly significant transcriptional similarity with profibrotic macrophage populations identified in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Notably, overnight exposure to SARS-CoV-2, but not influenza A virus or viral RNA analogues, induced a similar phenotype in human monocytes from healthy volunteers in vitro. Patients with severe COVID-19 associated ARDS showed clear clinical, radiographic and histopathological features of scarring and fibrotic tissue remodeling. In conclusion, SARS-CoV-2 triggers profibrotic macrophage responses, fibroproliferative ARDS, and lung fibrosis

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
We performed single-cell RNA-sequencing of cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of severe COVID-19. In addition, we performed single-cell RNA-sequencing of SARS-CoV-2 stimulated classical blood monocytes. This study provides detailed insights into the alveolar macrophage response to SARS-CoV-2 infection and reveals a profibrotic macrophage response in severe COVID-19 patients.
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 10

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