Upper respiratory microbiome of COVID-19 patients

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004951 Other

Study Description

Understanding the pathology of COVID-19 is a global research priority. Early evidence suggests that the microbiome may be playing a role in disease progression, yet current studies report contradictory results. Here, we examine potential confounders in COVID-19 microbiome studies by analyzing the upper respiratory tract microbiome in well-phenotyped COVID-19 patients and controls combining microbiome sequencing, viral load determination, and immunoprofiling. We found that time in the intensive care unit and the type of oxygen support explained the most variation within the upper respiratory tract microbiome, dwarfing (non-significant) effects from viral load, disease severity, and immune status. Specifically, mechanical ventilation was linked to altered community structure, lower species- and higher strain-level diversity, and significant shifts in oral taxa previously associated with COVID-19.

Study Datasets 2 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
16S amplicon data of nasopharyngeal swabs in a COVID-19 cohort recruited at UZ Leuven. The dataset contains a single experiment, comprising 150 runs corresponding to 125 unique samples. Runs comprise paired fastq files (2*250 bases) obtained from an Illumina MiSeq instrument.
Study metadata, containing the clinical information on samples and patients

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