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Chromothripsis followed by circular recombination drives oncogene amplification in human cancer

The mechanisms behind the evolution of complex genomic amplifications in cancer have remained largely unclear. We here identified a type of amplification, termed as “seismic amplification”, that is characterized by multiple rearrangements and discontinuous copy number levels. Seismic amplifications occurred in 9.9% (274/2,756) of cases across 38 cancer types and were associated with massively increased copy numbers and elevated oncogene expression. Reconstruction of the development of seismic amplification revealed a stepwise evolution, starting with a chromothripsis event, followed by formation of circular extrachromosomal DNA that subsequently underwent repetitive rounds of circular recombination. The resulting amplicons persisted as extrachromosomal DNA circles or had reintegrated into the genome in overt tumors. Together, our data indicate that the sequential occurrence of chromothripsis and circular recombination drives oncogene amplification and over-expression in a substantial fraction of human malignancies.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001007807 HiSeq X Ten Illumina HiSeq 2000 Illumina NovaSeq 6000 27
Publications Citations
Reliable assessment of telomere maintenance mechanisms in neuroblastoma.
Cell Biosci 12: 2022 160