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Automated machine-learning approach for next generation profiling of sequence alterations, mutation burden, microsatellite instability, and structural variants in human cancers

Sequence and structural alterations together with tumor mutation burden (TMB) and microsatellite instability (MSI) have been identified as biomarkers for the determination of response to targeted and immune checkpoint inhibitor therapies. However, widespread clinical adoption of these biomarkers has historically been limited due to barriers such as evidence of clinical utility and reimbursement. We have developed 2.2 Mb targeted NGS system and an automated machine-learning analysis approach (PGDx elio™ tissue complete, ETC) that has been FDA cleared for examination of 500+ cancer-related genes and 68 mononucleotide repeats for identification of sequence and structural alterations, TMB, and MSI in solid cancers in a clinical setting. We designed and trained this approach using sequence data from 4,174 cancers and >124,000 in silico alterations and evaluated the methodology in >2,550 tumor or non-cancerous normal samples. Independent analyses of ETC sequence changes in 440 formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tumor or cell line samples using MSK-IMPACT™, FoundationOne®, and ddPCR revealed a positive percent agreement (PPA) >97% with high sensitivity as low as 3% mutant allele fraction. We observed high concordance between panel-wide and whole-exome TMB for 307 pan-cancer FFPE tumors (Pearson r=0.95, p < 0.0001) using samples with ≥20% tumor cellularity. Comparison of the mutation context and repeat-based MSI approach in ETC with a multiplex MSI PCR assay in 223 samples revealed a PPA of 99% and negative predictive agreement (NPA) >99%. We confirmed the accuracy and precision of TMB and MSI measurements across three independent laboratories (CV of <5% and average PPA >99%, respectively). Finally, evaluation of amplifications and translocations against DNA and RNA-based approaches exhibited >98% NPA and PPA of 86% and 82% respectively. These results demonstrate high analytical performance for determination of sequence and structural changes, TMB, and MSI using a targeted NGS panel and provide a scalable and facile approach for evaluating these biomarkers in a clinical laboratory.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001008099 Illumina HiSeq 2500 NextSeq 500 876
Publications Citations
Automated next-generation profiling of genomic alterations in human cancers.
Nat Commun 13: 2022 2830