RNA-sequencing of tumors from 45 patients with recurrent or metastatic gastric cancer treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors
|Study ID||Alternative Stable ID||Type|
Genomic profiling can provide prognostic and predictive information to guide clinical care. Biomarkers that reliably predict patient response to chemotherapy and immune checkpoint inhibition in gastric cancer are lacking. In this work, we used our machine learning algorithm NTriPath to identify a gastric-cancer specific 32-gene signature. Using unsupervised clustering on expression levels of these 32 genes in tumors from 567 patients, we identified four molecular subtypes that were prognostic for survival. We then built a support vector machine with linear kernel and the binary classifier to generate a risk score that is prognostic for 5-year overall survival and validated the risk score using three independent datasets. We also found that the molecular subtypes predicted response to adjuvant 5-fluorouracil and platinum after gastrectomy and immune checkpoint inhibitors in patients with metastatic or recurrent disease. The 32-gene signature is a promising prognostic and predictive biomarker to guide the clinical care of gastric cancer patients and should be validated in a ... (Show More)
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We applied this signature to a 567-patient GC cohort to establish genomic-based molecular subtypes and then used a support vector machine to build a molecular subtype-based risk-scoring model. Both source code and supplementary datasets for risk score prediction are available at https://github.com/hwanglab/Yonsei_gastric_cancer_32genes.
|Illumina NovaSeq 6000||45|
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