Somatic pathogenic variants in the normal mammary gland of sporadic breast cancer patients.

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001005698 Other

Study Description

The mammary gland undergoes hormonally stimulated cycles of proliferation, lactation and involution. We hypothesized that these factors increase the mutational burden in glandular tissue and may explain high cancer incidence rate in the general population and recurrent disease. Hence, we investigated the DNA sequence variants in the normal mammary gland, tumor and peripheral blood from 52 reportedly sporadic breast cancer patients, including breast-conserving surgery cases. Targeted resequencing of 542 cancer associated genes revealed mosaic somatic pathogenic variants of: PIK3CA, TP53, AKT1, MAP3K1, CDH1, RB1, NCOR1, MED12, CBFB, TBX3 and TSHR in the normal mammary gland, at considerable allelic frequencies (9x10-2 to 5.2x10-1) indicating clonal expansion. Further evaluation of the frequently damaged PIK3CA and TP53 genes by ultra-sensitive duplex sequencing demonstrated a diversified picture of multiple low level-mosaic (in 10-2 to 10-4 alleles) hotspot pathogenic variants. Our results raise a question about the oncogenic potential in non-tumor mammary gland tissue of ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 3 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset contains .fastq files generated by targeted DNA sequencing of 542 cancer-associated and cadidate genes (52 individuals), and targeted duplex sequencing of PIK3CA and TP53 genes (4 individuals).
HiSeq X Ten,NextSeq 550 156
Genotyping array data for normal mammary gland control samples
Illumina 50
Genotyping array data for breast cancer and matched normal mammary gland samples
Illumina 100

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