Resolving the immune landscape of human prostate at a single cell level in health and cancer

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001005787 Other

Study Description

The prostate gland produces prostatic fluid, high in zinc and citrate and essential for the maintenance of spermatozoa. Prostate cancer is a common condition with limited treatment efficacy in castration-resistant metastatic disease, including with immune checkpoint inhibitors. We used single-cell RNA-sequencing to perform an unbiased assessment of the cellular landscape of human prostate and identified a previously unappreciated subset of tumour-enriched androgen receptor-negative luminal epithelial cells, with increased expression of cancer-associated genes. We also found a variety of innate and adaptive immune cells in normal prostate that were transcriptionally perturbed in prostate cancer. An exception was a unique, prostate-specific, zinc transporter-expressing macrophage population (MAC-MT), that contributed to tissue zinc accumulation in homeostasis, but showed enhanced inflammatory gene expression in tumours, including T cell-recruiting chemokines. Remarkably, enrichment of the MAC-MT signature in cancer biopsies was associated with improved disease-free survival, ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Single-cell RNAseq dataset of paired normal and tumor human prostate biopsies from n=10 participants. Fastq files corresponding to R1, R2 and I1 are uploaded and were generated from cellranger mkfastq. Data was sequenced on Illumina HiSeq 4000.
Illumina HiSeq 4000 24

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