Epigenomic priming of immune genes implicates oligodendroglia in multiple sclerosissusceptibility

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001005911 Other

Study Description

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by a targeted attack on oligodendroglia (OLG)and associated myelin by immune cells, which are thought to be the main drivers of MS susceptibility. Assessing chromatin accessibility and the transcriptome simultaneously at the single cell level, we found that immune genes exhibit a primedchromatin state in mouse and human OLG in a non-disease context, compatible withrapid transitions to immune-competent states in MS. We identified transcription factors as BACH1 and STAT1 involved in immune gene regulation in oligodendrocyteprecursor cells (OPCs). A subset of immune genes present bivalency of H3K4me3/H3K27me3 in OPCs, with Polycomb inhibition leading to their increased activation upon interferon-gamma (IFNg) treatment. Some MS susceptibility single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) overlap with these regulatory regions in mouse andhuman OLG, and treatment of mouse OPCs with IFNg leads to chromatin architecture remodeling at these loci and altered expression of interacting genes. Our data indicates that susceptibility for MS may involve OLG, which ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 2 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Single cell multiomics from 2 donor controls, expression and chromatin accessibility. Samples belong to gray matter tissue from the brain.
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 2
Single cell RNA-seq from 6 and single nuclei ATAC-seq from 3 human fetal tissue samples. Samples from 8 to 11 weeks. Includes a 8.5 weeks samples with matching both ATAC-seq and RNA-seq runs. Data was sequenced using 10X Genomics chromium technology, for scRNA-seq samples belong to v2 and v3.
Illumina HiSeq 2500,Illumina NovaSeq 6000 9

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