CCL22 chemokine mutations drive natural killer cell lymphoproliferative disease by biasing GPCR signaling

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006009 Other

Study Description

Chronic lymphoproliferative disorder of natural killer cells (CLPD-NK) is characterized by clonal expansion of NK cells of incompletely understood genomic basis. Here, we report somatic mutations in the chemokine gene CCL22 as the hallmark of a distinct subset of CLPD-NK. CCL22 mutations were enriched at highly conserved residues, were mutually exclusive of STAT3 mutations, and were associated with gene expression similar to normal CD16dim/CD56bright NK cells. Mechanistically, the mutations resulted in ligand-biased chemokine receptor signaling, with decreased internalization of the G-protein-coupled receptor for CCL22, CCR4, via impaired β-arrestin recruitment. This resulted in increased cell chemotaxis in vitro, bidirectional crosstalk with the hematopoietic microenvironment, and enhanced NK cell proliferation in vivo in transgenic human IL-15 mice. Somatic CCL22 mutations illustrate a novel mechanism of tumor formation in which gain-of-function chemokine mutations promote tumorigenesis by biased G-protein-coupled receptor signaling and dysregulation of microenvironmental ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
For the cohort of 59 samples, we performed TruSeq DNA PCR-Free whole-genome sequencing library preparation according to manufacturer’s instructions (llumina, ILMN, San Diego, CA) on the automated NGS Star liquid handling platform (Hamilton, Bonaduz, Switzerland) followed by 2x150 bp paired-end sequencing on the HiSeqX or NovaSeq6000 (ILMN). An average coverage of >100x was achieved. For whole transcriptome analysis, the TruSeq Total Stranded RNA kit was used, starting with 250 ng of total ... (Show More)
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 59

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