CCL22 chemokine mutations drive natural killer cell lymphoproliferative disease by biasing GPCR signaling
|Study ID||Alternative Stable ID||Type|
Chronic lymphoproliferative disorder of natural killer cells (CLPD-NK) is characterized by clonal expansion of NK cells of incompletely understood genomic basis. Here, we report somatic mutations in the chemokine gene CCL22 as the hallmark of a distinct subset of CLPD-NK. CCL22 mutations were enriched at highly conserved residues, were mutually exclusive of STAT3 mutations, and were associated with gene expression similar to normal CD16dim/CD56bright NK cells. Mechanistically, the mutations resulted in ligand-biased chemokine receptor signaling, with decreased internalization of the G-protein-coupled receptor for CCL22, CCR4, via impaired β-arrestin recruitment. This resulted in increased cell chemotaxis in vitro, bidirectional crosstalk with the hematopoietic microenvironment, and enhanced NK cell proliferation in vivo in transgenic human IL-15 mice. Somatic CCL22 mutations illustrate a novel mechanism of tumor formation in which gain-of-function chemokine mutations promote tumorigenesis by biased G-protein-coupled receptor signaling and dysregulation of microenvironmental ... (Show More)
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For the cohort of 59 samples, we performed TruSeq DNA PCR-Free whole-genome sequencing library preparation according to manufacturer’s instructions (llumina, ILMN, San Diego, CA) on the automated NGS Star liquid handling platform (Hamilton, Bonaduz, Switzerland) followed by 2x150 bp paired-end sequencing on the HiSeqX or NovaSeq6000 (ILMN). An average coverage of >100x was achieved. For whole transcriptome analysis, the TruSeq Total Stranded RNA kit was used, starting with 250 ng of total ... (Show More)
|Illumina NovaSeq 6000||59|
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