Study

Analysis of recent shared ancestry in a familial cohort identifies coding and noncoding autism spectrum disorder variants

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006058 Other

Study Description

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a collection of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by deficits in social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior or interests. ASD is highly heritable, but genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous, reducing the power to identify causative genes. We performed whole genome sequencing (WGS) in an ASD cohort of 68 individuals from 22 families enriched for recent shared ancestry. We identified an average of 3.07 million variants per genome, of which an average of 112,512 were rare. We mapped runs of homozygosity (ROHs) in affected individuals and found an average genomic homozygosity of 9.65%, consistent with expectations for multiple generations of consanguineous unions. We identified potentially pathogenic rare exonic or splice site variants in 12 known (including KMT2C, SCN1A, SPTBN1, SYNE1, ZNF292) and 12 candidate (including CHD5, GRB10, PPP1R13B) ASD genes. Furthermore, we annotated noncoding variants in ROHs with brain-specific regulatory elements and identified putative disease-causing variants within ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001008634
We performed whole genome sequencing (WGS) in an ASD cohort of 68 individuals from 22 families enriched for recent shared ancestry. Samples were sequenced using Illumina HiSeq X platform, and Variants (single nucleotide variants (SNVs) and insertions or deletions (indels)) were detected using GATK with HaplotypeCaller. Quality control checks for (i) duplicate samples, (ii) samples per platform, (iii) genome call rate, (iv) missingness rate, (v) singleton rate, (vi) heterozygosity rate, (vii) ... (Show More)
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